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Reproduction is an important and essential biological process which helps in production of offspring’s from their parents. Female and male reproductive organs are different in animals. Animals like plants have two mode of reproduction namely asexual and sexual reproduction
Animals have different male and female reproductive organs which produces gametes. Fusion of these gametes results in zygote formation which finally gives rise to a new individual.
Asexual reproduction: This is the type of reproduction in which individuals are produced with the involvement of single parent.
Male reproductive organs
Male reproductive organs consist of a penis, pair of testis and two sperm ducts. (Fig 1)
Penis: Male organ used in sexual intercourse.
Testis: Sperms are known as male gametes which are produced by testis.
Sperm ducts:It helps in transport of sperms from testis to the penis.
Sperm:Sperm functions like a single cell with all the necessary organelles present in the cell. Every day millions of sperms are produced. Structure of a sperm is divided into three parts head, middle piece and a tail. (Fig 2)
Female reproductive organs
Female reproductive system consists of a pair of ovaries, a fallopian tube and the uterus. (Fig 3)
Ovary: It helps in producing eggs (ovum) or female gamete and certain hormones. In females every month a single mature ova is released in the oviduct. This process is governed by a cycle of events known as the menstrual cycle.
Fallopian tube: It is the place where fusion of male and female gamete takes place.
Uterus: Place where zygote is nourished till the time of birth. It is the place where development of a baby takes place.